Biodiversity is vital for our planet and society. With the emergence of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework, investors are gaining a better understanding of biodiversity-linked risks and opportunities in their portfolios.
This paper begins by exploring the current metrics available for assessing the biodiversity footprints of companies. It then describes the ISS STOXX framework for building biodiversity indices, based on three fundamental steps: “Avoid,” “Minimize,” and “Enable.”
The paper provides a quantitative analysis of the metrics used in the construction process, with a particular focus on metrics related to exclusions, biodiversity footprints, revenues from products or services that enable biodiversity conservation, emissions, and gross return performance.