Blog Posts — September 5, 2022

Stocks resume pullback in August on outlook for higher interest rates

Stocks resumed losses in August after central bankers said they are not done raising interest rates as they combat record-high inflation.

The STOXX® Global 1800 index fell 4.1% in the month when measured in dollars and including dividends.1 The index slid 2.7% in euros after the common currency weakened 1.4% against the greenback. The benchmark is down 17.9% in 2022, poised for its worst year since the Global Financial Crisis in 2008.

The STOXX® North America 600 fell 3.8% in dollars, as did the STOXX® USA 500.2 The pan-European STOXX® Europe 600 retreated 5% in euros and the Eurozone’s EURO STOXX 50® shed 5.1%. The STOXX® Asia/Pacific 600 decreased 2% in dollars.

Figure 1: Benchmark indices’ August risk and return characteristics

Source: Qontigo. Gross returns. Data as of Aug. 31, 2022.

Germany’s DAX® lost 4.8% in the month. MDAX®, which gauges the performance of German mid-caps, dropped 7.8%. 

Hawkish tone

The STOXX Global 1800 dropped 2.6% on Aug. 26, and fell in the three following sessions, after Federal Reserve Chair Jay Powell said at a summit in Jackson Hole that the central bank must keep raising rates, and leave them high even if that slows economic growth, to control inflation. Speaking at the same gathering, some European Central Bank board members struck a similarly hawkish tone.  

For a complete review of all indices’ performance last month, visit our August index newsletter.

Figure 2: Annual % returns for STOXX Global 1800 index

Source: Qontigo. Gross returns.

Figure 3: Returns since January 1, 2020

Source: Qontigo. Gross returns in dollars except for STOXX Europe 600 Index, which is in euros. Data from December 31, 2019, to Aug. 31, 2022.

Volatility rises 

The EURO STOXX 50® Volatility (VSTOXX®), which tracks EURO STOXX 50 options prices, rose to 27.9 at the end of last month from 22.3 in July. A higher VSTOXX reading suggests investors are paying up for puts that offer insurance against stock price drops. The VDAX-New®, which measures volatility in German equities, climbed to 28.7 from 23.8 in July.

Emerging markets advance

All but three of 25 developed markets tracked by STOXX declined in August when measured in dollars. The STOXX® Developed Markets 2400 index slid 4% in dollars and 2.7% in euros.

Eleven of 20 national developing markets rose in the month on a dollar basis. The STOXX® Emerging Markets 1500 index gained 1% in the US currency and 2.4% in euros. 

Oil stocks buck trend 

Energy was the only one among 20 Supersectors in the STOXX Global 1800 to have a positive return in the month. The STOXX® Global 1800 Energy rose 1.6%. 

Factor investing

Quality was the worst-performing style in the month, while Momentum and Multi-Factor fared the best, according to the STOXX Factor indices. The STOXX® Global 1800 Ax Quality fell 4.7%. 

Figure 4: STOXX Factor (Global) indices’ August risk and return characteristics

Source: Qontigo. Gross returns. Data as of Aug. 31, 2022.

Climate benchmarks

Among climate benchmarks, the STOXX® Global 1800 Paris-Aligned Benchmark (PAB) and the STOXX® Global 1800 Climate Transition Benchmark (CTB) fell 5.2% and 5%, respectively. The PAB and CTB indices follow the requirements outlined by the European Commission’s climate benchmarks regulation.

The STOXX® Willis Towers Watson World Climate Transition Index retreated 4.7%. The STOXX Willis Towers Watson Climate Transition Indices (CTIs) employ a unique Climate Transition Value at Risk (CTVaR) methodology that quantifies the anticipated impact of an economic transition on equity valuations. The CTIs look beyond carbon emissions and make a forward-looking, bottom-up evaluation of asset repricing risks in a decarbonization pathway.

Among the STOXX Low Carbon indices, the EURO STOXX 50® Low Carbon (-5%)3 performed in line with the EURO STOXX 50. Elsewhere, the STOXX® Global Climate Change Leaders (-5.7%), which selects corporate leaders that are publicly committed to reducing their carbon footprint, underperformed the STOXX Global 1800 index by 1.6 percentage points. 

ESG-X and ESG indices

The STOXX® Global 1800 ESG-X index fell 4.2% in the month. The STOXX® ESG-X indices are versions of traditional, market-capitalization-weighted benchmarks that observe standard responsible exclusions of leading asset owners. 

Within indices that combine exclusions and ESG best-in-class integration, the EURO STOXX 50® ESG index dropped 5.5%. Germany’s DAX® 50 ESG index (-5%), which excludes companies involved in controversial activities and integrates ESG scoring into stock selection, underperformed the benchmark DAX.

Sustainability indices

Among other STOXX sustainability families, the STOXX® Global 1800 ESG Broad Market index lost 4.3% in the month. The STOXX ESG Broad Market indices apply a set of compliance, product involvement and ESG performance exclusionary screens on a starting benchmark universe until only the 80% top ESG-rated constituents remain. 

The STOXX® Global 1800 ESG Target slid 4.1%, the EURO STOXX® ESG Target fell 5.1% and the DAX® ESG Target dropped 4.8%. The STOXX and DAX ESG Target indices seek to significantly improve the benchmark portfolio’s ESG profile while mirroring its returns as closely as possible. Through a series of constraints, the indices implement an optimization process to maximize the overall ESG score of the portfolio while limiting the tracking error to the benchmark. 

The STOXX® Global 1800 SRI dropped 5.3%. The STOXX SRI indices apply a rigorous set of carbon emission intensity, compliance and involvement screens, and track the best ESG performers in each industry group within a selection of STOXX benchmarks. 

Finally, the DAX® ESG Screened fell 4.7%. The index reflects the composition of the DAX benchmark minus companies that fail to pass norms-based and controversial weapons screenings, meet minimum ESG ratings or are involved in certain business activities considered undesirable from a responsible investing perspective. 

Thematic indices

There were weak performances relative to the benchmark from the STOXX® Thematic indices in the month that ended. The indices seek exposure to the economic upside of disruptive global megatrends and follow two approaches: revenue-based and artificial-intelligence-driven.

Fifteen of 24 revenue-based thematic indices underperformed the STOXX Global 1800. The STOXX® Global Smart Factory (-7.7%) was the group’s worst performer. 

Among the STOXX artificial-intelligence-driven thematic indices, the STOXX® AI Global Artificial Intelligence index (-3.7%) and its ADTV5 version (-3.8%) outperformed the STOXX Global 1800 index during August. The iSTOXX® Yewno Developed Markets Blockchain index fell 3.5%.

Dividend strategies

Most dividend strategies performed well relative to benchmarks. The STOXX® Global Maximum Dividend 40 (-2.3%) selects only the highest-dividend-yielding stocks. The STOXX® Global Select Dividend 100 (-3.1%), meanwhile, tracks companies with sizeable dividends but also applies a quality filter such as a history of stable payments. 

Minimum variance 

There were also good relative performances from Minimum variance strategies. The STOXX® Global 1800 Minimum Variance lost 3.3%, while the STOXX® Global 1800 Minimum Variance Unconstrained dropped 3%. The STOXX® Europe 600 Minimum Variance index lost 4.8%, while its unconstrained version shed 2.9%.

The STOXX Minimum Variance Indices come in two versions. A constrained version has similar exposure to its market-capitalization-weighted benchmark but with lower risk. The unconstrained version, on the other hand, has more freedom to fulfill its minimum variance mandate within the same universe of stocks.

1 All results are total returns before taxes unless specified.
2 Throughout the article, all European indices are quoted in euros, while global, North America, US, Japan and Asia/Pacific indices are in dollars.
3 Figures in parentheses show last month’s gross returns.